The number of purchases using debit and credit cards has more than doubled in the past 10 years, as contactless payments and online retail have driven a change in the way consumers pay, a new report shows.
Debit and credit cards were used to make 16.4 billion purchases in 2016, up 146% from 6.7 billion in 2006. It means that 518 card payments were made every second last year by cardholders both in the UK and travelling overseas.
Over the past decade the growth in the number of card transactions has outstripped the rise in the amount spent, showing consumers’ increasing preference for using cards instead of cash for lower value payments. Last year the average value of a card transaction fell to £43.47, its lowest level in 15 years.
The new report highlights the impact of the growth in online spending and contactless payments. By the end of 2016, four in 10 (39%) card transactions were either online or made using a contactless card, compared to a quarter (24%) the previous year.
“Card payments play a central role in our economy, with spending equivalent to a third of the UK’s GDP,” says Graham Peacop, Chief Executive of The UK Cards Association.
“As consumers continue to make the switch from cash to contactless payments and with the rise of the app-economy, we forecast that the number of card payments will grow substantially over the next decade too.”
With card payments providing significant benefits to businesses, the number of retailers accepting cards increased to just over 1 million last year. The number of individual outlets accepting cards has jumped by 63% in the last 10 years to 1.3 million in 2016.
A total of £709 billion was spent by UK debit and credit card holders both domestically and overseas last year. Debit cards represented 75% of this total, amounting to £530 billion. This month is the 30th anniversary of the introduction of the debit card to the UK.
Payment cards were used for three-quarters (77%) of all retail spending in the UK last year. Cardholders spent the most on food and drink (£114 billion), followed by other services (£100 billion), financial services (£80 billion) and entertainment (£57 billion). A third of all card purchases in 2016 were made at supermarkets, while every fifth payment was on entertainment.
In 2016, there have been significant developments in the delivery of digital services to consumers, such as in-app purchasing and a new trend of fusing social media formats with payment capabilities.
In the next decade, the increasing use of contactless and mobile payments, particularly by younger people, will be a major source of growth for debit card payments, the report says.
The volume of debit card purchases is forecast to grow by 57% to 18.2 billion in 2026, four times the number made in 2006. In a decade’s time, half of all debit card transactions (51%) will be contactless payments. Credit card transactions are expected to increase to 3.7 billion by 2026.